A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Staking Functions and Source of Yield

A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Staking Functions and Source of Yield

Cryptocurrency staking entails holding and locking up a specific cryptocurrency token amount to support the operations of a proof-of-stake network. Persons staking on the platform authenticate transactions and develop new blocks in the blockchain, making them eligible for a staking reward (yield).

Despite most people being interested in cryptocurrency staking and accompanying rewards, this process is not as adequately defined as it seems.

What is the Staking Mechanism

The process functions as follows.

  1. Acquiring tokens: first, stakes should acquire tokens native to the proof-of-network blockchain network.
  2. Locking up tokens: stakers should ‘stake’ or lock up the tokens by moving them into a specific smart contract or wallet. The tokens are briefly held as security and cannot be freely utilized or moved while staked.
  3. Taking part in consensus: stakers take part in the blockchain network’s consensus chain by running their validator nodes or delegating their tokens.
  4. Earning rewards: stakers receive rewards (yields) in the form of extra cryptocurrency tokens.

Validator Nodes Explained

A validator node refers to a participant tasked with authenticating transactions and developing new blocks in the blockchain. Often, validator selection relies on the amount of cryptocurrency tokens held and willingness to stake as security in the network. 

The method is called stake-based selection and seeks to inspire validators to embrace the consensus guidelines since tokens can be slashed in suspected malevolent behavior.

What are Staking Pools 

Users should have at least 32 ETH to run a validator node on Ethereum. Nevertheless, most users cannot buy that ETH amount. Hence, they can submit smaller amounts of cryptocurrency.

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Staking pools merge participants’ tokens and jointly stake them as security. As such, they boost the possibility of being picked as validators and earning awards for authorizing transactions to develop new blocks. Rewards are shared equally across participants who pooled their tokens.

Governance in Staking

 Stakers can vote on submitted governance proposals. The voting process entails stakers casting their vote to support or reject suggested alterations to a network. 

The voting outcome establishes if the proposal is accepted or declined. Besides, the decision relies significantly on the majority of votes that the stakeholders cast.

Stakers can also suggest alterations they believe will benefit the network and allow the community to consider them. Examples include recommendations for parameter alterations, protocol improvements, alterations to network guidelines, and enhancement to the blockchain ecosystem.


In case a validator contravenes the network’s guidelines or participates in malevolent behavior, they are subject to slashing. It means they lose a part of or all the tokens staked as security on the network. The risk of losing staked tokens motivates validators to act decently and contribute to the blockchain’s stability.

Generating Yield in Crypto Staking 

The yield have several sources in a proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain:

  • Block rewards: The rewards are linked to staking their tokens as security and taking part in the consensus process. Yields are issued to validators based on the staked amount and their contribution to the network’s integrity and security.
  • MEV rewards: validators involved in the MEV practice can earn extra rewards. They can order transactions in a specific order that benefits a third party and, in turn, get a portion of the profit.
  • Transaction fees: Validators derive transaction fees as a constituent of their block rewards. Users pay these fees for transactions incorporated in a block and processed by the network.


Cryptocurrency staking yields might lure long-term holders wishing to see their holdings gain while concurrently backing the network. The yield can differ based on factors such as the block reward structure, the network’s consensus process, transaction fee policy, and the number of tokens a participant stakes.

It is critical to consider that yields are uncertain and might vary over time due to factors impacting the network’s performance and token economics. Every staker must be aware of the risks, for instance, the illiquidity of assets during the staking time frame and the likelihood of slashing in case of network contraventions.

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