Beginner's Guide to Understanding Stealth Addresses

Beginner’s Guide to Understanding Stealth Addresses 

An Explanation of Crypto Stealth Addresses

Crypto stealth addresses ensure each transaction’s privacy, hiding the recipient’s transaction history and identity. They are a privacy-promoting future that allows users to receive funds anonymously.

The difference between stealth addresses and conventional public addresses is that stealth addresses offer distinct, single-time addresses for each transaction. The recipient’s real address remains a secret when a sender uses a stealth address to transfer funds. 

The recipient does not directly make a private key from the stealth addresses. Instead, the wallet identifies inbound transactions. Later, it uses the private key linked to the recipient’s public address to ease the processing and recognition of the transactions.

The facilitation also permits the recipient to control and access the received funds without divulging their primary address. As such, the confidentiality of cryptocurrency transactions rises considerably, protecting users from possible tracking of their financial activity.

A famous example of a cryptocurrency that utilizes a stealth address is Monero (XMR). It uses features such as stealth addresses and ring signatures to heighten anonymity and privacy for its users. During a Monero transaction, a recipient’s stealth address is utilized, making it hard for external observers to link the recipient, sender, and transaction amounts.

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Comparing Stealth Addresses versus Regular Wallet Addresses 

Stealth addresses guarantee enhanced transaction confidentiality with special, single-time addresses. On the other hand, regular wallet addresses are often static and lack these kinds of privacy measures.

Stealth addresses’ appearance resembles standard cryptocurrency addresses, comprising a string of digits and characters. However, the significant variances are in their single-time utilization and cryptographic approaches to obscuring the link between the stealth address and the recipient’s address.

Repeating an address for several transactions enables mapping people’s financial activities when using traditional wallet addresses. Because of the likelihood of divulging sensitive data, the practice contravenes privacy by allowing third parties to track and analyze transaction information.

How do Stealth Addresses Work?

Crypto stealth addresses improve privacy by making exclusive addresses for every transaction, permitting only the intended recipient to access and pinpoint the funds. The example below can be utilized to comprehend how the addresses can be used. 

First step- Dan Creates and Shares his Stealth Address

Dan creates two addresses (A and B) and only shares A publicly while concealing address B. The assortment is his new ‘stealth address,’ which comprises random characters exclusive to the transaction.

Collectively, A and B create the stealth address used by Dan to receive funds.

Second step- Ann computes Dan’s Stealth Address and Sends Funds

Ann used Dan’s public stealth address (A) to execute cryptographic computations and the random number (r) to generate a new address (P). A unique, single-time stealth address is created particularly for this transaction due to this computation. The funds are sent to P, improving the transaction’s privacy.

Third step- Ann publishes ephemeral pubkey

Ann posts more cryptographic data, referred to as ephemeral pubkey (E), on the blockchain, and Dan must find and claim the assets. 

Fourth step- Dan recovers funds

Dan monitors the network for transactions concerning his stealth address. After seeing Ann’s transaction with P, he utilizes his top-secret addresses (A and B) as well as the ephemeral public key (E) to decipher the original secret number (r). 

Despite being visible on the blockchain, using ephemeral keys makes it difficult for external parties to monitor and link several transactions to one user. 

Benefits of Stealth Addresses

Stealth addresses improve the privacy and security of cryptocurrency transactions. Since each transaction utilizes a discrete, single-time address, stealth addresses ensure user privacy by preventing external parties from monitoring the movement of funds. 

Stealth addresses reduce the possibility of address reutilization, minimizing the likelihood of transaction linkability and safeguarding the confidentiality of users’ financial activity.


Stealth address implementation can be complex, resulting in possible user errors and complications in wallet software. Additionally, not all cryptocurrencies have adopted stealth addresses, which restricts their practicality in some ecosystems.

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